Under Maria Theresa and Joseph II large-scale restructuring took place in the field of education. According to the edict on ...
Schools and Education
1774–1784
One of the political goals of the Enlightenment – known primarily as an intellectual and artistic movement in the eighteenth ...
Social change in the Enlightenment
21.8.1773–1784
‘It is my will …’: on 20 December 1857 Emperor Franz Joseph signed the decree that was to give the ...
(Re-)organizing the city
1.1.1770–1.1.1913
With water cures, smallpox vaccination and practical medical training, an attempt was made to combat diseases and epidemics. Joseph II ...
Viennese Diseases
1.1.1764–1.1.1913
The many reforms of Maria Theresa and Joseph II affected not only the economic, educational and socio-political domain but also ...
The (Virtuous) Souls of the Monarchy
1751–23.7.1787
The emperor hovering over a microscope, the crown prince in his study? These would not have been unusual sights in ...
Exploring new horizons
1751–1884
Image cultivation, branding, etc., are terms which one would tend to associate more with modern communication culture. Yet when it ...
Image of a Dynasty
21.10.1741–1914
The Habsburg family is known above all as a ruling dynasty. Over a period of several centuries it brought forth ...
Is Only the Emperor Powerful?
1741–1918
If their fate had depended on the male line, the Habsburg ruling dynasty would have died out in the middle ...
Reigns and Rulers VI
1741–1814
The Habsburgs led a lively existence outside the confines of Schönbrunn and the Hofburg. In some locations, they appear to ...
Secondary Arenas
1741–28.6.1914
The world of the Habsburgs was a vast one – both geographically and metaphorically. The Habsburgs ruled over a great ...
In Habsburg Lands
1741–1913
Workshops (or ‘manufactories’, as they were known) and cottage industry were promoted by Maria Theresa and opposed by craftsmen. In ...
Pulling Threads
21.10.1740–13.3.1848
While an arable crop ‘revolutionized’ the eating habits of people in the Habsburg Monarchy, an imperial plough mutated into an ...
A Question of food
21.10.1740–1.2.1792
It was not only the threat of state bankruptcy that the Habsburgs had to grapple with; in the eighteenth century ...
Financial Affairs
21.10.1740–1.2.1792
In the eighteenth century the Habsburg rulers saw themselves confronted with increasing energy consumption and congested traffic arteries. People were ...
On Land, on Water and in the Air
21.10.1740–1792

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