Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and ruler of the Habsburg Monarchy (1564–1576)
Born in Vienna on 31 July 1527
Died in Regensburg (Germany) on 12 October 1576
Motto: ‘Providebit Deus – God will provide’
Maximilian II stands out among the otherwise strictly Catholic Habsburgs: he was sympathetic to Protestantism – a particularly sensitive matter at the time of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation. He thus aroused the disfavour of his relatives, above all his father, Emperor Ferdinand I. In 1562 he finally yielded to public pressure and pledged to remain a Catholic.