Ernest ‘the Iron’
Duke of Styria, Carinthia and Carniola from 1406; from 1414 he bore the title of an archduke
Born in Bruck an der Mur, Styria in 1377 (exact date of birth unknown)
Died in Bruck an der Mur, Styria on 10 June 1424
Ernest fought over his share of the Habsburg patrimony with his brothers William and Leopold IV. He became regent over Inner Austria in 1411 after clashing with his brother Leopold on the battlefield. He promoted urban development and iron and salt mining in these regions. He was the first Habsburg to actually use the title of ‘archduke’.