Budapest 1686–1916

Budapest was created in 1873 through the amalgamation of three hitherto separate towns: the medieval citadel of Ofen (Hungarian: Buda), Pest and Altofen (Hungarian: Óbuda).
The Habsburg epoch in the city’s history was initially marked by the wars against the Turks In 1689 Ofen came under Habsburg rule after 150 years of Ottoman occupation.
During the nineteenth century Budapest saw the birth of the modern Magyar nation. After the Compromise of 1867 Budapest expanded rapidly and developed into a metropolis of European consequence.


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