G.D. Heumann (after Salomon Kleiner): The Calvary in Hernals, copperplate engraving, 1724

A calvary was constructed in Hernals as a symbol of the triumphant Catholic Counter-Reformation. In keeping with the ideal of Baroque piety, the imperial family took part in the penitential procession to Hernals on Good Friday: the distance from the city to the calvary at Hernals was thought to equal the path taken by Christ to Golgatha.