Otto was the eldest son of the last Emperor and Empress of Austria, Karl und Zita, and is thus referred to as the last...
Otto Habsburg-Lothringen

* 20. Nov 1912, † 04. Jul 2011

Zita married the future emperor Karl I in 1911. Their eldest son was Otto Habsburg-Lorraine. Zita had a great influence...
Zita of Bourbon-Parma
Empress of Austria
Karl became the heir to the throne after the death of his uncle Franz Ferdinand in 1914, and emperor following the...
Karl I
Emperor of Austria
1916–1918
Known popularly as the ‘handsome archduke’, Otto owed his notoriety to his philandering, scandal-ridden lifestyle...
Otto
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand, a nephew of Emperor Franz Joseph, had become the favourite for heir to the throne after the suicide of...
Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria-Este
Crown Prince Rudolf epitomizes the tragedy of the declining Monarchy. With his progressive ideas, so unlike those of...
Rudolf
Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary
Elisabeth, ‘Sisi’ to her family, was the daughter of Duke Max in Bavaria and Duchess Ludovika. She was betrothed to her...
Elisabeth
Empress of Austria
Karl Ludwig spent the whole of his life overshadowed by his older brothers Emperor Franz Joseph and Maximilian of...
Karl Ludwig
Archduke of Austria
The younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph, Maximilian was viceroy of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia until 1859. He...
Ferdinand Maximilian
Emperor of Mexico
1864–1867
Franz Joseph ascended the throne of the Austrian Empire in 1848. His concept of rulership was informed by a great sense...
Franz Joseph I
Emperor of Austria
1848–1916
One of the most conservative Habsburg personalities in the nineteenth century, Archduke Albrecht came to symbolize the...
Albrecht
Archduke of Austria
The daughter of King Maximilian I of Bavaria, Sophie married Archduke Franz Karl, the brother of Emperor Ferdinand I in...
Sophie of Bavaria
Archduchess of Austria
The son of Emperor Franz II (I) and younger brother of Emperor Ferdinand I, he was a member of the Privy State...
Franz Karl
Archduke of Austria
Archduchess Leopoldine, a daughter of Emperor Franz II (I), was married to the Portuguese crown prince Dom Pedro at the...
Leopoldine
Empress of Brazil
A weak leader, during his reign Ferdinand stood in the shadow of his state chancellor, Prince Metternich, and the so-...
Ferdinand I
Emperor of Austria
1835–1848
Archduchess Marie Louise, the eldest daughter of Emperor Franz II (I), was married to the French emperor Napoleon...
Marie Louise
Duchess of Parma
A brother of Emperor Franz II (I), Johann played an important role in the struggle to liberate Tyrol led by Andreas...
Johann
Archduke of Austria
Archduke Karl, a son of Leopold II , was originally destined for the Church. However, in his youth he developed...
Karl
Archduke of Austria
Ferdinand succeeded his father Leopold as regent in Tuscany in 1791, after the latter became emperor. His life was...
Ferdinand III of Tuscany
Grand Duke of Tuscany
Franz II was the last emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. After Napoleon proclaimed the French...
Franz II (I)
Roman-German emperor and Emperor of Austria
1792–1835
Marie Antoinette, Maria Theresa’s youngest daughter, was married to the heir to the French throne, the future Louis XVI...
Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
As a ruler Leopold II was prepared to initiate reforms. Following the death of his father, he became regent of the...
Leopold II
Roman-German emperor
1790–1792
Marie Christine, Maria Theresa’s favourite daughter, was allowed to marry the husband of her choice, Albert of Saxony-...
Marie Christine
Archduchess of Austria
Joseph II is one of the best-known representatives of Enlightened Absolutism. As a monarch he was indebted to the ideas...
Joseph II
Roman-German Emperor
1764–1790

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