Marie Louise
* 12. Dec 1791, † 17. Dec 1847

Duchess of Parma

Archduchess Marie Louise, the eldest daughter of Emperor Franz II (I), was married to the French emperor Napoleon during the Austrian wars against the French at the instigation of Prince Metternich. This union was intended to strengthen the weak Habsburg position during the revolutionary wars. Napoleon’s military defeat provided Marie Louise with an escape route from this loveless marriage. She moved to northern Italy and after Napoleon’s death married the head of her court household.

born today 226½ years ago