* 20. Jan 1782, † 10. May 1859

Archduke of Austria

A brother of Emperor Franz II (I), Johann played an important role in the struggle to liberate Tyrol led by Andreas Hofer against Napoleon. His popularity led him to political office during the 1848 revolution, when the representatives of the German states in the Frankfurt Parliament elected him to be their regent. However, he resigned in 1849 after the failure of the revolution and retired to Styria, where he became mayor of Stainz in 1850.

born today 237 years ago