Ernest ‘the Iron’
* 1377, † 10. Jun 1424

Archduke of Austria

Ernest fought over his share of the Habsburg patrimony with his brothers William and Leopold IV. He became regent over Inner Austria in 1411 after clashing with his brother Leopold on the battlefield. He promoted urban development and iron and salt mining in these regions. He was the first Habsburg to actually use the title of ‘archduke’.

died yesterday 594 years ago