The Age of Confessional Division
1526–1648

Religious schisms convulse Western Christianity and change European society profoundly. Confessional affiliation becomes a political issue, determining the relationship between countries as well as between princes and the Estates. Confessional division also underlies the Thirty Years’ War (1618-48); the Peace of Westphalia marks the end of hostilities and establishes a new international order.

 

Relevant Chapters