The Balkans

From the Ottoman conquest of Hungary in 1526, the Balkan peninsula was fought over by Habsburgs, Turks and Venetians. At the end of the seventeenth and beginning of the eighteenth century, the Ottomans were gradually driven back, and the Habsburg Empire reached the height of its territorial expansion in 1908 with the annexation of Bosnia-Herzegovina. The Balkans have always been a politically complex region marked by ethnic and religious diversity.