Leopold Wilhelm
* 1614, † 1662

Archduke of Austria

The second son of Emperor Ferdinand II, he successfully commanded imperial armies against the Swedes in the Thirty Years’ War. As bishop he held multiple sees, including Olmütz and Passau. He was an important patron of the arts. As governor of the Spanish Netherlands he assembled an important collection of paintings by Venetian and Netherlandish artists which today forms the core of the holdings of Vienna’s Kunsthistorisches Museum.

born today 405 years ago